What are knee ligaments?

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What are knee ligaments?

There are 4 significant ligaments in the knee. Ligaments are elastic kind of tissue that interface with bones and give solidness and strength to the joint. The four fundamental ligaments in the knee associate the femur (thighbone) to the tibia (shin bone), and incorporate the accompanying:

  • Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL). The ligaments, situated in the center point of the knee, that controls pivot and positive progress of the tibia (shin bone).
  • Posterior cruciate ligament (PCL). The ligaments, situated toward the rear of the knee, that controls in reverse development of the tibia (shin bone).
  • Medial collateral ligament (MCL). The ligaments that gives solidness to the internal knee.
  • Lateral collateral ligament (LCL). The ligaments that gives solidness to the external knee.

How Ligaments TEAR

Normal reasons for ligaments tears are twisting and winding body parts or hard or abnormal arrivals. Tears frequently happen when ligaments are extended completely and afterward experience some type of effect or injury. Lower leg hyper-extends, a gentle torn ligaments in the lower leg, can happen when you are strolling or running, land clumsily, and curve your lower leg. The knee and ankle ligaments are more defenseless against tearing since they are weight-bearing ligaments that are in many cases under pressure.


The Diagnosis of a ligaments tear starts with an actual test and clinical history. Your medical services supplier will ask what you were doing when you were harmed. Feeling the site and moving the joint can educate them seriously regarding the degree of the injury.

The following stage is frequently to play out a X-ray to search for cracked or broken bones. Magnetic resonance imaging (X-ray) might be finished to check whether there is an incomplete or complete ligaments tear. Arthroscopy – minimally-invasive diagnostic and treatment procedure used for conditions of a joint. This system utilizes a little, lit, optic cylinder (arthroscope) that is embedded into the joint through a little entry point in the joint. Image of within the joint are projected onto a screen; used to assess any degenerative as well as ligament changes in the joint; to identify bone sicknesses and growths; to decide the reason for bone pain and irritation.

Hyper-extends are evaluated to portray the degree of the tearing.

Grade 1: A gentle sprain that harms the ligaments however doesn’t cause huge tearing.

Grade 2: A moderate sprain that incorporates an incomplete tear. The joint might be strangely free.

Grade 3: A serious sprain with a total ligaments tear. The joint is unsteady, and you can’t utilize it.


The R.I.C.E. approach — rest, ice, pressure, rise — is one of the most famous “first” medicines for ligaments injuries.

  • Rest: First, stop any movement that anxieties the harmed joint. This permits time for it to recuperate.
  • Ice: To limit the enlarging and torment, apply an ice pack to the harmed region.
  • Compression: To additionally diminish the enlarging, wrap the harmed region with a versatile gauze.
  • Elevation: Raise the harmed region above heart level to assist with controlling blood stream and limit expanding.

Connect with our orthopedic Consultant

Whether you’re seeking help with an existing condition, you would like a diagnosis, or you are looking for help with recovery and rehabilitation after an injury, Shanmuga Hospital has orthopedic specialists who offer the types of treatment and services you need.  Best Ortho Hospital In Salem.

Call us at 87540 33833 to request an appointment online.